The electricity industry is one of
the mother industries and plays an indispensable role in the development of
other industries and the economic growth of the country. In Iran, most of the
country's electricity is supplied through fossil fuels due to the structure and
energy basket of the country and the rate of electricity production in thermal
power plants always plays an effective role in providing reliable electricity
to the country.
According to the available statistics
in 1399, 1,759 MW has been added to the capacity of thermal power plants, and
in March of last year, with the launch of the Caspian power plant steam unit,
the nominal capacity of thermal power plants in Iran reached 68,933 MW. At
present, 583 thermal power generation units have been built in 129 power plants
in the country, the share of private units owned by the private sector and
industries has reached 380 units and the capacity of thermal power plants owned
by the private sector has reached 46,425 MW.
Accordingly, 67% of the total thermal
power generation capacity is owned by the private sector, and 1,165 MW has been
added to the capacity of the country's thermal power plants in line with the
peak load program this summer. While statistics show that last year 343 billion
kilowatt hours of energy were produced in all power plants in the country
(thermal, hydropower, nuclear and renewable); The share of thermal power plants
in this figure has been more than 314 billion kilowatt hours.
Statistical data show that the
production of thermal power plants has increased by more than 9% compared to
last year. One of the most important events in the field of thermal power
plants is the increase in the average efficiency of thermal power plants to
39%. This is while this number at the end of 1398 was an average of 38.6%. This
important thing has happened with the addition of the steam section of the
combined cycle power plants of Parand, Assaluyeh, Urmia, Ferdowsi, Shirvan,
Sabalan and Caspian power plants.
The peak activity of thermal power
plants took place during the peak of electricity, based on which the country's
thermal power plants produced about 50,853 MW and practically more than 86% of
the electricity required during the peak load period was provided by thermal
power plants. Other achievements in the field of thermal power plants in the
peak of last summer include 99% readiness. The global average is about 95%.
Breaking the record for the
simultaneous production of thermal power plants has been another achievement of
the thermal power industry. The maximum production of power plants in providing
the peak of simultaneous consumption of the network has been about 57,887 MW. Thermal power plants with 48,864 MW
of cogeneration and growth of 3.3 percent compared to the previous year, have
the highest increase and share.
Due to the importance of the
principle of sustainable electricity supply, periodic repairs, despite the
outbreak of coronary heart disease and financial constraints in the period up
to June last year, more than 90,000 MW of repair program was carried out by
11,000 power plant personnel. According to the plans made, to increase the
readiness of the country's power plants in the peak of this summer, about
100,000 MW of power plant repair program is forecasted, which according to the
assessment, the repair plan for this period compared to the same period last
year increased by 11%. By the beginning of April this year, more than 57,000 MW
of the program envisaged in this section has been started.
In addition to the basic goals such
as the production and supply of sustainable electricity, the thermal power
industry also faces significant challenges in the construction of new power
plant units and its financing. Therefore, last year, the supply of parallel
parallel futures bonds of electricity standard was put on the agenda in order
to diversify the financing of this field, and the first phase of the supply of
these bonds was done in December of last year with a value of 657 billion
Tomans. The second phase of the issuance of these bonds at the beginning of
March worth 700 billion tomans was offered in the energy exchange to be the
first state-owned company in the country that was able to provide part of its
required financial resources through the issuance of Islamic bonds.
Other measures taken in this area
include the issuance of 1,130 MW capacity certificates since the launch of its
market in 1398 on the Iran Energy Exchange, of which 947 MW was issued last
year alone. The use of these capital market-based financing strategies, while
diversifying the revenue sources of the electricity industry, has also helped
to maintain and develop the country's electricity generation capacity.
Also, last year, 65 billion tomans of
surplus, stagnant and waste property of power generation companies and
electricity generation management were sold. It has been prepared and
maintained for power plants. In addition to the action taken, 85 billion Tomans
of surplus and stagnant items were also transferred between the subsidiary
companies. The sale of surplus property is one of the measures that has been
stopped in recent years for various reasons, but with the follow-up of this
plan, it was implemented last year in 17 power generation companies and 10
power generation management companies.