Notes; A look at the performance of Iran's thermal power plants in the past year
Mohsen Tarztaleb, CEO of thermal Power Plants Holding Company specializing in thermal power generation in Donya Eghtesad newspaper

The electricity industry is one of the mother industries and plays an indispensable role in the development of other industries and the economic growth of the country. In Iran, most of the country's electricity is supplied through fossil fuels due to the structure and energy basket of the country and the rate of electricity production in thermal power plants always plays an effective role in providing reliable electricity to the country.

According to the available statistics in 1399, 1,759 MW has been added to the capacity of thermal power plants, and in March of last year, with the launch of the Caspian power plant steam unit, the nominal capacity of thermal power plants in Iran reached 68,933 MW. At present, 583 thermal power generation units have been built in 129 power plants in the country, the share of private units owned by the private sector and industries has reached 380 units and the capacity of thermal power plants owned by the private sector has reached 46,425 MW.

Accordingly, 67% of the total thermal power generation capacity is owned by the private sector, and 1,165 MW has been added to the capacity of the country's thermal power plants in line with the peak load program this summer. While statistics show that last year 343 billion kilowatt hours of energy were produced in all power plants in the country (thermal, hydropower, nuclear and renewable); The share of thermal power plants in this figure has been more than 314 billion kilowatt hours.

Statistical data show that the production of thermal power plants has increased by more than 9% compared to last year. One of the most important events in the field of thermal power plants is the increase in the average efficiency of thermal power plants to 39%. This is while this number at the end of 1398 was an average of 38.6%. This important thing has happened with the addition of the steam section of the combined cycle power plants of Parand, Assaluyeh, Urmia, Ferdowsi, Shirvan, Sabalan and Caspian power plants.

The peak activity of thermal power plants took place during the peak of electricity, based on which the country's thermal power plants produced about 50,853 MW and practically more than 86% of the electricity required during the peak load period was provided by thermal power plants. Other achievements in the field of thermal power plants in the peak of last summer include 99% readiness. The global average is about 95%.

Breaking the record for the simultaneous production of thermal power plants has been another achievement of the thermal power industry. The maximum production of power plants in providing the peak of simultaneous consumption of the network has been about 57,887 MW. Thermal power plants with 48,864 MW of cogeneration and growth of 3.3 percent compared to the previous year, have the highest increase and share.

Due to the importance of the principle of sustainable electricity supply, periodic repairs, despite the outbreak of coronary heart disease and financial constraints in the period up to June last year, more than 90,000 MW of repair program was carried out by 11,000 power plant personnel. According to the plans made, to increase the readiness of the country's power plants in the peak of this summer, about 100,000 MW of power plant repair program is forecasted, which according to the assessment, the repair plan for this period compared to the same period last year increased by 11%. By the beginning of April this year, more than 57,000 MW of the program envisaged in this section has been started.

In addition to the basic goals such as the production and supply of sustainable electricity, the thermal power industry also faces significant challenges in the construction of new power plant units and its financing. Therefore, last year, the supply of parallel parallel futures bonds of electricity standard was put on the agenda in order to diversify the financing of this field, and the first phase of the supply of these bonds was done in December of last year with a value of 657 billion Tomans. The second phase of the issuance of these bonds at the beginning of March worth 700 billion tomans was offered in the energy exchange to be the first state-owned company in the country that was able to provide part of its required financial resources through the issuance of Islamic bonds.

Other measures taken in this area include the issuance of 1,130 MW capacity certificates since the launch of its market in 1398 on the Iran Energy Exchange, of which 947 MW was issued last year alone. The use of these capital market-based financing strategies, while diversifying the revenue sources of the electricity industry, has also helped to maintain and develop the country's electricity generation capacity.

Also, last year, 65 billion tomans of surplus, stagnant and waste property of power generation companies and electricity generation management were sold. It has been prepared and maintained for power plants. In addition to the action taken, 85 billion Tomans of surplus and stagnant items were also transferred between the subsidiary companies. The sale of surplus property is one of the measures that has been stopped in recent years for various reasons, but with the follow-up of this plan, it was implemented last year in 17 power generation companies and 10 power generation management companies.

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